° A participatory and independent newspaper is a type of online media that is managed by a community of independent contributors. ° Users can submit, edit and publish content on various topics, allowing a large number of people to share their knowledge and perspectives on important topics. ° Participatory and independent newspapers are generally designed to provide an unbiased and reliable source of information for readers, without the presence of a central publisher or company that controls the content published. ° Independence is a key feature of this type of newspaper, as it is often designed to operate without the direction or funding of political parties or corporations, which ensures that the information published is reliable and unbiased. ° Contributors are encouraged to post objective and factual articles, rather than promoting particular viewpoints or perspectives.